You may not have known, but mushrooms in ancient Egypt were used exclusively as food for the Pharaohs, and the Romans ate them at ceremonies.
Today, throughout the world, among many nations, mushrooms are used as a nutritious grocery which is absolutely irreplaceable part of the diet.
Mushrooms are one of the healthiest products in the human diet, and we should eat them at least three times a week.
Mushrooms are classified as vegetables in the food world, but they are not technically plants. They belong to the fungi kingdom. Unlike plants that use carbon dioxide for the photosynthesis process, mushrooms for maintaining life consume oxygen from the air, as much as humans and animals. Mushrooms are not able to prepare organic substances themselves – they need food, but they consume foods from other organisms that are mainly parasitized.
Although mushrooms are not vegetables, they provide several essential nutrients.
They contain many vitamins and minerals that are indispensable for the body like vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin X (biotin), iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, zinc, and selenium. About 90% of the weight of the mushroom is water, and some species contain up to 5% protein that is biologically more valuable than all other vegetable proteins. Mushrooms in their composition have complex carbohydrates in an amount of about 4%, and individual fungi possess a particular type of lipid, but the amount of lipids or fats in the skin never exceeds 0.5%. In some mushrooms, small quantities of vitamin E can also be found.
Nutritionists agree that mushrooms are the only food for their aroma and richness of taste that we can unselfishly put in various dishes.
The favorite phrase that nutritionists use today for mushrooms is that mushrooms are a very nutritious grocery that at the same time is food, spice, and cure.
In a 100 gram (3.5 ounces) amount, raw mushrooms provide 22 calories and are a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of B vitamins. Such as riboflavin, niacin, and pantothenic acid, selenium (37% DV) and copper (25% DV), and a usual source (10-19% DV) of phosphorus, zinc, and potassium (table). Vitamin C and sodium have no or minimal content.
Also, 100 grams of mushrooms contain more dietary fiber (2.5 g) than 100 grams celery (1.8 g) or from a slice of integral bread (2.0 g).
Mushrooms are known as the “meat” of the vegetable world, but they are also known for their extended health benefits.
Many studies and scientists say that, because of their healing properties, mushrooms have a favorable effect on the following diseases and disorders:
-Alzheimer’s disease, allergies, anemia, asthma, depression, diabetes, impotence, osteoporosis.
According to the nutritionists, if we eat mushrooms, we will have better concentration and memory, better work of the digestive organs and better maintenance of healthy blood vessels.
It is thought that mushrooms also have a positive impact on stress, nervous system strengthening, treatment in some cancers and can be used for thyroid problems, problems with “bad” cholesterol and blood pressure, issues with hair and skin, nerves, bones, and teeth.
Therefore, nutritionists recommend them for anyone who wants to lose weight or fight unnecessary kilograms. They include two to three times fewer calories than vegetables and fruits that we use daily in the diet.
“100 grams of mushrooms on average contain 18-26 calories.”
In continuation our suggestion for the six most common types of mushrooms that must be in your essential everyday diet:
Nutritional benefits of White Mushrooms:
-White mushrooms benefit your bones by boosting your copper and phosphorus intakes. Contain a lot of Vitamins B-2 and B-5 and ergosterols, one type of beneficial antioxidant which play a role in fighting chronic disease, helped lower cholesterol levels and blood sugar.
Nutritional benefits of Black Mushrooms:
-Black mushrooms have a chemical that inhibits blood clotting, may improve circulation, may lower cholesterol and blood sugar. It is also useful in helping with hemorrhoids, may helped with uterine bleeding, gonorrhea, and intestinal issues and promote positive emotions and help with feelings of isolation, fear, and insecurity. Also, black mushrooms contain the trace mineral germanium, which has anti-viral and anti-tumor effects.
“Of the approximately 100,000 known fungi species found worldwide, about 100 of them are poisonous to humans.”
-Tiredness or feel discomfort and unenergetic
-Stomach upset, diarrhea, vomiting, cramping, and nausea
-Skin allergies, skin rashes, skin irritations, nose bleeding, dry nose and dry throat
-A headache, anxiety, dizziness or hallucination that are compared to the effect caused by LSD drugs
-Mental disorders, such as immense fear, panic attacks
Mushroom poisoning is usually the result of ingestion of wild mushrooms after misidentification of a toxic fungus as an edible species.
Edible mushrooms are the fleshy and edible fruit bodies of several species of macrofungi. They can appear either below ground (hypogeous) or above ground (epigeous) where they may be picked by hand. Edibility may be defined by criteria that include the absence of toxic effects on humans and desirable taste and aroma.
A psilocybin mushroom, also known as a psychedelic mushroom. A double-blind study, done by the Johns Hopkins Hospital, showed psychedelic mushrooms could provide people an experience with substantial personal meaning and spiritual significance. In the study, one-third of the subjects reported ingestion of hallucinogenic mushrooms was the single most spiritually significant event of their lives. Over two-thirds reported it among their five most meaningful and spiritually significant events. On the other hand, one-third of the subjects reported extreme anxiety. However, the anxiety went away after a short period. Psilocybin mushrooms have also shown to be successful in treating addiction, specifically with alcohol and cigarettes.
Many mushroom species produce secondary metabolites that can be toxic, mind-altering, antibiotic, antiviral, or bio-luminescent. Although there are only a small number of deadly species, several others can cause particularly severe and unpleasant symptoms.
Remember: Before assuming that any wild mushroom is edible, it should be identified. Failure to recognize poisonous mushrooms and to confuse them with edible ones have resulted in death. Some doctors suggest women to avoid consuming mushrooms during breastfeeding and pregnancy. Also, consult your doctor before using black mushrooms medicinally.